History begins with the first written records. 2200-1750: TheAge of Patriarchs and Matriarchs, Abraham and Sara; Isaac and Rebecca; Jacob, Leah and Rachel. Joseph and Moses, Joshua and Caleb in Egypt.
Canaanite Age — 3200-1200 BCE
The footprint shape of the Gilgal Inset: the ‘Tower of Witness’ Gal-Ad built by the two and a half tribes, Rubin, Gad and half of Menashe who are the ancestors of God’s people who live outside the Promised Land.
Pnei-El, Jordan and the Gilgal seen in the distant hills. In between is the Jordan River where the Israelites crossed.
Altar of Abraham and Metzelkadik at the City of David
The well of Arad.
The ancient city of Arad and left its altar
The altar of Beer Sheva in the Israel Museum
Gilgal at Moshav Argaman, in Israel’s central Jordan Valley opposite the Adam Crossing, the Jabbok River and Penu-El where Jacob received his name
Israel and where Balam, on the Lord’s donkey came to curse and found himself giving blessings.